Better science in less time

Better science is less time is science that is more efficient, reproducible, open, inclusive, and kind. There are growing examples of better science in less time in environmental and Earth science, and beyond, including Our path to better science in less time using open data science tools (Lowndes et al. 2017).

Better science for future us (22 min). Julie Lowndes shares part of her path to open science with the Ocean Health Index and Openscapes Champions success stories from 3 NOAA Fisheries teams 1) at the end of their cohort; 2) 2 months after their cohort; 3) several years after their cohort.

First Forays into the Cloud (19 min), by Aronne Merrelli to the 2024 Cohort of NASA Openscapes Champions. Aronne is Assistant Research Scientist at the University of Michigan College of Engineering (Climate and Space Sciences and Engineering) and a 2023 NASA Openscapes Champion.

My path to open science (7 min), by Stefanie Butland, Openscapes Team Member

These slides were contributed by guest instructors.

Empowering transformational science - Dr. Chelle Gentemann

Here we also introduce the Pathways concept that teams will develop throughout the Champions program. The Pathway is based on Table 1 in Lowndes et al. 2017, and helps teams deliberately identify data workflow practices and next steps to facilitate efficiency and open culture in terms of reproduciblity, collaboration, communication, and culture.

Pathways to better science in less time

Figure 1 of Lowndes et al. 2017 shows that open data science tools increased the ease of reproducibility and the ease of collaboration for the Ocean Health Index (OHI) team. But it was not the tools alone - it was the process the team co-created and prioritized.

Create space

The OHI team created space for synchronous collaboration: convenings to learn and teach each other together.

A critical first part of this was prioritizing time (which included getting buy-in, lobbying, showcasing). Then, this meant that the team could focus time on:

  • Getting comfortable talking about data/workflows
  • Building trust (to share imperfect work)
  • Recognizing that what we invest incrementally will have large dividends in the future

The OHI team started having “Seaside Chats”: 1x/week where they discussed filenaming, code review, standard operating procedures and documentation, and much more.

Create place

Creating place is critical for asynchronous collaboration. This includes GitHub Organizations, Repositories, Issues; Google Drive Folders, Docs, Spreadsheets, and Slides; Slack Organizations and Channels; JupyterHubs, etc.

It is a place for code, shared practices, resources, conversations. Critically, this involves making sure that everyone on the team is comfortable contributing through these channels. This means both with the technology, and the culture of the team.

Find the common

Through creating space and place, teams will find the common workflows, tools, skills that they already have and need to do their work.

For the OHI team, we asked how to make sure everyone can participate as they need to? We introduced new software sparingly, and helped each other learn. This included initial setup as well as follow up and practice. We leveraged existing habits & resources - within and beyond our team. Open communities were a big part of this learning. Through this we were able to distinguish data preparation (tidying) as distinct from our science, and make this actionable by shifting to smaller modular code to combine for different reports/audiences.

Documentation was a key part of this. And, writing documentation “for nobody” is very hard, and it’s a huge task. We prioritized documentation based on Onboarding and Offboarding: for our future selves first, and then future us.

What was it really like? Transition to GitHub

Changing behavior/habits takes time, and is messy. Here is part of the story:

Ocean Health Index: behind the scenes

Some key points to discuss from Lowndes et al. 2017, Nature Ecology & Evolution: Our path to better science in less time using open data science tools:

  • Reproducibility & communication enabled by open tooling
  • Shared practices are useful beyond shared projects

If you’re interested in more overview of the OHI setup, see this 2017 talk (25 mins): OHI Better science in less time

OHI pathway

  • Motivated by necessity
  • Reimagined by possibility and community
  • Done incrementally!
  • Yes: it’s an investment.
  • Also yes: huge, enduring payoff for (your) science

Reproducibility & communication enabled by open tooling

RMarkdown to reimagine data analysis and communication. RMarkdown combines analyses & figures together, rendered to your reporting output of choice.

An example:

  • Website built with R/RMarkdown & Github
  • You can get started too: (1-hour tutorial)

Shared workflows not only useful for shared projects

  • OHI team: we identified as a team & prioritized helping each other
    • We work on many different projects
    • Use same workflows, share feedback, can think together across projects
  • Shared conventions reduce friction & cognitive load
    • Common ground, easier to talk about, easier to ask for help
    • You don’t need to design everything from scratch

And, critically:

  • It’s about increasing efficiency and reproducibility and open science.
  • But it is also about increasing participation and inclusion.
  • Consider diversity, equity, and inclusion in your daily practices.
  • How you work and onboard others to your projects is a DEI issue.

Examples: environmental science

Here are a few examples to showcase what is possible and being done by the community.

Further resources

Not so standard deviation podcast

Parker & Peng
Great discussions about data concepts and “in the wild”
Episode 9: Spreadsheet drama

Practical computing for biologists

Haddock & Dunn
Software & computing concepts already on your computer
Chapter 2: Regular expressions