Chapter 12 Resources that influence us
Some resources that influence our thinking.
12.1 Architecture of Participation: Tim O’Reilly
It’s Not About You: The Truth About Social Media Marketing (2012). Strategy on community building through modern channels
“We tell big stories that matter to a community of users, and together we use those stories to amplify a message that we all care about…And once they start telling their story as part of the bigger story, it suddenly looks like a parade.”
I’ve come to use the term “the architecture of participation” to describe the nature of systems that are designed for user contribution.
12.2 The Cathedral and the Bazaar: Eric Raymond
The Cathedral and the Bazaar: one of the secrets of open source is “treating your users as co-developers”
12.3 Hilary Parker & Roger Peng
If you want to write, you read a lot, music, you listen a lot. I’ts hard to do this with data analysis.
12.5 The Power of Welcome
The Value of Welcome — Stef Butland, rOpenSci
12.6 Hedgehog concept: Jim Collins
12.7 Systems Change: Donella Meadows
Leverage points: places to intervene in a system: (in increasing order of effectiveness)
- Constants, parameters, numbers (such as subsidies, taxes, standards).
- The sizes of buffers and other stabilizing stocks, relative to their flows.
- The structure of material stocks and flows (such as transport networks, population age structures).
- The lengths of delays, relative to the rate of system change.
- The strength of negative feedback loops, relative to the impacts they are trying to correct against.
- The gain around driving positive feedback loops.
- The structure of information flows (who does and does not have access to information).
- The rules of the system (such as incentives, punishments, constraints).
- The power to add, change, evolve, or self-organize system structure.
- The goals of the system.
- The mindset or paradigm out of which the system — its goals, structure, rules, delays, parameters — arises.
- The power to transcend paradigms.
So how do you change paradigms? Thomas Kuhn, who wrote the seminal book about the great paradigm shifts of science,7 has a lot to say about that. In a nutshell, you keep pointing at the anomalies and failures in the old paradigm, you keep coming yourself, and loudly and with assurance from the new one, you insert people with the new paradigm in places of public visibility and power. You don’t waste time with reactionaries; rather you work with active change agents and with the vast middle ground of people who are open-minded.
12.8 Organizational architecture
This tale is about how the organizational architecture of existing entities - whether the British army, Sony, Kodak, or Xerox - cannot always support their own innovation because of the social structures they were built upon. Fascinating to think about in terms of how open science has not been embraced by scientific communities within the existing academic structure.
12.9 Disruption can feed creativity
This tale is about music: how Keith Jarrett reluctuntly played on a broken piano and how David Bowie and Brian Eno’s take on collaboration led to brand new sounds and ideas. I think about this for science and openness - working out of your comfort zones and mixing up how you do it and who you do it with.
12.10 Kaitlyn Thaney
there’s also the fact that the current funding model has led to a perceived sense of scarcity, pushing open projects to compete rather than collaborate, to build new features instead of maintaining their work and deepening their level of service for their communities. An additional dimension to our work involves looking at the staffing and human infrastructure powering open technology development, maintenance, governance and stewardship. That volunteer labor and community engagement is often an invisible cost we gloss over in our estimations and recommendations, while also being a core pillar in this work.